Urology is a clinical and surgical specialty that studies urinary tract diseases of both sexes (kidneys, ureter, bladder and urethra) and male genital tract (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis).
The spectrum of urological diseases includes pathologies such as urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted diseases, renal calculi, benign prostatic hyperplasia, pathologies associated with malformation (phimosis, varicocele, cryptorchidism, vesicoureteral reflux, etc.), urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction , to cancers of male and female urinary tract and male genital tract.
There may be silent illnesses without expressive symptoms, as well as illnesses that can debilitate patients intensely, either by pain or by the appearance of other signs such as urinary bleeding. Other diseases can make social coexistence difficult, such as urinary incontinence, which is more common in postmenopausal women.
Urology requires constant specialist updating, from diagnostic methods to the use of new drugs, which will improve or control the symptoms associated with these diseases.
This medical area includes several subspecialties, such as Andrology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), Urolithiasis, Pediatric Urology, Female Urology, Uro-Oncology, among others.